beauty, Skin

Foundation 101

Foundation can be traced back all the way to ancient Egypt when the Egyptians would paint their faces using minerals and clay to show their social class. In ancient Greece, the Greeks used white lead powder and chalk to lighten their skin tone. The lighter their complexion the more fashionable the person appeared to be. However, this cosmetic compound had its risks, over time the lead caused disfigurements to the face and could ultimately cause death. Despite this, the use of this cosmetic remained almost unchanged for many, many years. From Ancient Greece all the way through the reign of Elizabeth I.

Over the next few centuries, minor changes were made; adding oils and grease to the base to remove the lead. However, this made it very thick and unnatural to the point that it was only used by actresses on the stage. It wasn’t until 1937 that Max Factor created the Pan-cake. Made of an oil emollient and talc powder, the foundation was more light weight and natural, so natural that women started wearing it in public. After this, cosmetic foundations began to go through radical changes; changes that are still happening today.


Today we have more and more variations of foundations; liquid, powder, cream, BB creams. With each new formula comes more options for different skin types. One size is no longer expected to fit all.

Moisturising foundations are god for dry or normal skin types. The formula hydrates the skin throughout the day and doesn’t extenuate dry patches. It has medium coverage and will cover blemishes, however if used on oily skin it will make the complexation of the skin worse and the foundation will crease.

skin edited

Matt finish foundations are good for those with normal or oily skin, the matt formula controls the oil production in the skin for longer than normal foundation. It is light weight and had good coverage to cover blemishes. However, this formula can dry out the skin so should be worn with moisturizer.

Powder foundations are great for normal or combination skin. It has light coverage so it looks very natural. Although it can temporarily reduce shine, it should be used sparingly on oil prone skin as the oils can change the colour of the foundation and make it look clumpy. Likewise, using it on dry skin ca draw attention to dry patches.


BB Creams are great for all skin types, they work as moisturizers, hydrating the skin. They have a light coverage which makes them perfect for everyday use, however, it will not hide imperfections.

The best way to find the best shade of foundation for your skin tone is to test a sample on your jaw line, see if it disappears when blended.

What is your favourite type of foundation? Let me know in the comments below or on Twitter, just click the bird below.


Ay x

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